The current Rothschild net worth in 2021 is estimated to be approximately $450 billion USD for the whole family.
The Rothschilds are a wealthy Jewish family originally from Frankfurt, Germany. The family patriarch was Mayer Amschel Rothschild (1744–1812) in Frankfurt. He established his banking business in the 1760s. Rothschild left his wealth to establish an international banking family through his five sons. They founded businesses in London, Paris, Frankfurt, Vienna, and Naples. This family’s history began in 16th century Frankfurt; its name is from the family house of Rothschild, established by Isaak Elchanan Bacharach in 1567.
Rothschild family had the largest private fortune in modern world history in the 19th century. The total combined family net worth declined during the 20th century as it was divided to multiple descendants that were heirs. Currently their interests cover diversified business sectors, including financial services, real estate, mining, energy, agriculture, winemaking, and nonprofits.
19th-century businesses founded through Rothschild family capital include:
- Alliance Assurance (1824) (now Royal & Sun Alliance)
- Chemin de Fer du Nord (1845)
- The Rio Tinto mining company (1873) (from the 1880s onwards, the Rothschilds had full control of Rio Tinto)
- Eramet (1880)
- Imerys (1880)
- De Beers (1888)
- The family funded Cecil Rhodes in the creation of the African colony of Rhodesia.