Who was Nikola Tesla?
Nikola Tesla was a brilliant and innovative inventor who made significant contributions to the fields of science and engineering. However, despite his many successes, Tesla’s life was marked by tragedy. From financial struggles and personal setbacks to the deterioration of his mental health, Tesla’s story is one of both brilliance and hardship. This post explores the tragic aspects of Tesla’s life and how they impacted his career and legacy. By examining Tesla’s early life, breakthroughs and successes, financial struggles, and later years, we will gain a deeper understanding of this brilliant but troubled individual’s complex and often difficult journey.
Early life and education
Born in 1856 in what is now Croatia, Tesla was the fourth of five children in a family of Serbian heritage. His father was a clergyman, and his mother was an inventor in her own right, having designed a handheld eggbeater. His mother fostered Tesla’s early interest in science and engineering, and he excelled in math and physics at school. After completing his education, Tesla worked as an electrical engineer in several European countries before emigrating to the United States in 1884.
Breakthroughs and successes
When Tesla arrived in the United States in 1884, he quickly made a name for himself as a pioneering inventor and engineer. One of his most significant achievements was the development of the AC motor. Before Tesla’s work, most electric motors used direct current (DC), which was limited in transmitting power over long distances. Tesla’s AC motor, on the other hand, was able to transmit power more efficiently and over longer distances. This revolutionized the field of electrical engineering and led to the widespread adoption of alternating current (AC) in power transmission.
In the U.S., Tesla quickly made a name for himself as a pioneering inventor and engineer. He developed the AC motor, which revolutionized the field of electrical engineering and led to the widespread adoption of alternating currents in power transmission.
After Tesla demonstrated his AC motor in 1888, Westinghouse bought Tesla’s AC patents and hired him so he could commercialize the motor. Once Tesla solved the problem of creating an AC motor, it was the superior tech.
George Westinghouse, recognizing that Tesla’s designs might be just what he needed in his efforts to unseat Edison’s DC current, licensed his patents for $60,000 in stocks and cash and royalties based on how much electricity Westinghouse could sell. Ultimately, he won the “War of the Currents,” but at a steep cost in litigation and competition for both Westinghouse and Edison’s General Electric Company.
Westinghouse begged Tesla for relief from the royalties they agreed to when the company was facing financial ruin. “Your decision determines the fate of the Westinghouse Company,” he said. Thanks to the businessman who had never tried to swindle him, Tesla tore up the royalty contract, giving up the millions in royalties that he was already due and the billions that would have accrued in the future. 
In addition to the AC motor, Tesla also invented the Tesla coil, a high-voltage transformer still used in radio and television technology today. The Tesla coil is a resonant transformer capable of producing high-voltage, high-frequency alternating current. It was an important invention that helped develop the radio and television technology and other applications such as electrotherapy and wireless energy transmission.
Tesla’s work on the AC motor and Tesla coil made him a leading figure in the field of electrical engineering, and his contributions continue to be recognized and celebrated to this day.
Financial Struggles and Personal Setbacks
Despite his many successes, Tesla faced significant financial struggles throughout his career. He established the Tesla Electric Company in the late 1800s. He established the Tesla Electric Company to commercialize his inventions and innovations, but the company struggled to find investors and ultimately failed. This had a major impact on Tesla’s career and personal life, as he struggled to fund his research and development efforts and faced financial hardship.
Tesla also suffered other business and financial setbacks, including the failure of his ambitious project to build a wireless energy transmission tower known as the “Tesla Tower.” Tesla believed it was possible to transmit electrical power wirelessly over long distances, and he spent a significant amount of time and resources attempting to build a tower that could do this. However, the project was ultimately unsuccessful and impacted Tesla’s career and financial stability.
In addition to financial struggles, Tesla also suffered personal setbacks. As a result of these and other challenges, Tesla’s mental health deteriorated, and he struggled with personal relationships in his later years.
Later years and legacy
Despite these hardships, Tesla’s legacy lives on today. His inventions and innovations have had a lasting impact on modern technology and science, and he is recognized and celebrated as a pioneering figure in the history of electricity and engineering.
In the later years of his life, Tesla continued to work on various projects and experiments. In 1899, he moved to Colorado Springs to conduct high-voltage experiments at his laboratory there. He made several important discoveries during this time, including detecting electromagnetic radiation from lightning and producing artificial lightning.
Despite his continued efforts and achievements, Tesla could never fully recover from the financial and personal setbacks he had experienced earlier in his career. He struggled with poverty and poor mental health in his later years and died in 1943 at 86.
Tesla never married, but he admitted to falling in love with a special white pigeon who regularly visited him. He said, “I loved that pigeon as a man loves a woman, and she loved me. 
He was a very special human being and undoubtedly one of the most brilliant humans ever. He should have been one of the richest men of the gilded age, but sadly died in poverty and struggled with mental health.
Despite the tragic aspects of his life, Tesla’s legacy has grown since his death. His inventions and innovations have had a lasting impact on modern technology and science. He is now widely recognized and celebrated as a pioneering figure in the history of electricity and engineering. Today, Tesla’s contributions are celebrated and remembered through various museums, organizations, and events dedicated to his work and legacy.
His most known namesake is Tesla Motors which was incorporated in July 2003 by Martin Eberhard and Marc Tarpenning. The company’s name is a tribute to Nikola Tesla, making the public more aware of the legendary inventor and electrical engineer. In 2004, Elon Musk later became the biggest shareholder and CEO and, over the next decade, grew it into one of the most valuable car companies in the world.
The tragic story of Nikola Tesla is one of both brilliance and hardship. By examining his early life, breakthroughs and successes, financial struggles, and later years, we can understand this brilliant but troubled individual’s complex and often difficult journey. Despite the tragedies he faced, Tesla’s legacy lives on today, and his contributions to science and engineering continue to be celebrated and remembered.