speculating vs investing

Speculating vs Investing

“An investment operation is one which, upon thorough analysis, promises safety of principal and an adequate return. Operations not meeting these requirements are speculative.” – Benjamin Graham Example of Investment and Speculation An investment is buying an asset with intrinsic value that has cash flow and/or physical asset value. Speculating is buying something in an

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best books for financial literacy

Best Books for Financial Literacy

Financial literacy is the ability to understand and apply a range of financial skills effectively. It applies to successful personal financial decisions and management like monthly budgets, saving, investing, and establishing a career to pay living expenses. Financial literacy means people can become self-sufficient and not need to live with parents or family as they

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cantillon effect

Cantillon Effect

A Cantillon effect is a change in prices related to one another that was caused due to a change in the money supply, first discovered by Richard Cantillon an 18th-century economist. History shows that some assets are favored over other ones when extra money is available in the economy for spending and investing. These preferences

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margin of safety

Margin of Safety

“A margin of safety is achieved when securities are purchased at prices sufficiently below underlying value to allow for human error, bad luck, or extreme volatility in a complex, unpredictable and rapidly changing world.” – Seth Klarman For investors the margin of safety is the variance between the fundamental value of the underlying company of

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