Are you looking for ways to increase your trading and investing success? Understanding liquidity is key. Liquidity refers to the ease with which an asset can be bought or sold in the market without affecting its price. Knowing what assets have high and low liquidity and the benefits of focusing on highly liquid assets is important to achieving success in the financial markets. This article will discuss liquidity, provide examples of both high and low-liquidity assets, and explain why holding more liquid investments benefits you. Let’s dive into understanding liquidity.

What is Liquidity?

Liquidity measures how quickly and easily an asset can be converted into cash. It refers to the ease with which an asset can be bought or sold in the market without affecting its price. Liquidity is important for investors because it allows them to buy and sell assets quickly without waiting to find buyers or sellers willing to pay their desired prices.

Liquidity is an important factor to consider when trading and investing in any market. Knowing how liquid assets and securities are can help you better decide what is on your watchlist and what markets to trade or invest in.

Let’s look at some examples of assets with high liquidity.

Examples of Assets with High Liquidity

Cash is one of the most liquid assets available. It can be used to purchase goods and services directly, or it can be exchanged for other forms of currency with relative ease. Government bonds are also highly liquid assets because they are backed by a government guarantee and can easily be sold on the open market at their face value.

Publicly traded stocks represent another example of an asset with high liquidity. These stocks are bought and sold on exchanges such as the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) or Nasdaq, making them easy to convert into cash without significantly affecting their prices. Many publicly traded companies offer dividend payments, further increasing their liquidity potential with buyers.

Some of the hottest real estate investments may also qualify as liquid assets depending on certain factors such as location, condition of the property, and current market conditions. Suppose a real estate investor can quickly sell a property at its fair market value. In that case, it could potentially qualify as a liquid asset since it could easily be converted into cash without significantly affecting its price.

Some financial instruments, such as futures contracts or options, may also qualify as liquid assets due to their ability to be quickly bought or sold in large quantities without significantly impacting prices in the markets where they trade. This makes these investments attractive for those looking for quick access to capital when needed while maintaining relatively low-risk levels compared to more traditional investments like stocks or bonds.

A high liquidity asset can provide quick access to cash when needed. Now, let’s look at examples of assets that have lower liquidity.

Examples of Assets with Low Liquidity

Some lower-tier real estate can also be the most common asset with low liquidity due to bad location, poor condition, or unpopular design. Unlike stocks and bonds, which can be sold quickly on a public exchange, real estate typically takes much longer to convert into cash. Finding a buyer, negotiating a price, and closing the deal can take weeks or even months. Since there are no standardized prices for real estate like stocks and bonds, the value of an individual property may fluctuate significantly depending on market conditions at the time it’s sold.

Private equity investments also tend to have low liquidity because they involve investing in companies that are not publicly traded. This means that investors must wait until another investor is willing to buy their shares before converting them into cash. Additionally, private equity investments often require investors to commit their money for several years before seeing any returns from their investment.

Certain derivatives, such as credit default swaps, also have low liquidity due to their complex nature and lack of standardization across different markets. These contracts involve two parties agreeing on insurance for a debt asset at a predetermined price sometime in the future, but they don’t trade on public exchanges as stocks and bonds do; thus, it may be difficult for traders to find buyers when they want to exit their positions early or liquidate them completely.

Low liquidity assets such as real estate, art, and collectibles may provide long-term gains but come with risks due to limited marketability; it is much more difficult to find a specific buyer for a unique item. Real estate, art, and collectible are examples of very low liquidity assets to move.

Even with securities and contracts traded on public exchanges, the liquidity can vary dramatically based on the interest and volume of trading in specific names. It can be difficult for investors to trade in low-volume microcap stocks as entering and exiting can move the charts. Low-volume stocks can also have a wide bid/ask spread, costing money in slippage to get in and out of trades. Options contracts can also have wide bid/ask spreads the farther out-of-the-money and out in time, they are. Even some futures markets can be so thinly traded they are difficult for large traders to get in and out of quickly due to the low volume of interest.

In the next section, let’s explore the many benefits of higher liquidity investments.

Benefits of High Liquidity

Liquidity is an important concept for investors to understand, as it refers to the ease with which assets can be converted into cash. Highly liquid assets have a low-risk profile and provide investors with greater flexibility in managing their portfolios. In many ways, liquidity can be the most important fundamental, as finding a buyer is crucial for the market value of any asset, contract, or security.

Highly liquid assets include cash, stocks, bonds, and exchange-traded funds. These investments can easily be bought or sold on the open market during trading hours. Suppose an investor needs access to cash quickly. In that case, they can sell off some of their holdings without waiting a long time for a buyer, losing money in the bid/ask spread, or paying large fees associated with other asset classes, such as real estate or private equity investments.

Another benefit of investing in highly liquid assets is that they tend to have lower volatility than less liquid ones because someone is always willing to buy them at a fair price when needed. This makes them attractive options for those looking for steady returns over long periods without taking too much risk.

Having access to liquidity allows traders and investors more freedom when deciding how best to allocate their resources across different asset classes and strategies. For example, suppose an investor has money in liquid investments but wants exposure to certain sectors or markets. In that case, they may not need additional capital from elsewhere before investing because liquid assets can easily be converted into cash whenever required.

Understanding liquidity and its benefits should be integral to every investor’s strategy. It provides greater flexibility when allocating resources across different asset classes while reducing overall portfolio risk by providing access to quick sources of capital when needed most.


In conclusion, liquidity is an important factor to consider when making trades and investments. It refers to the ease with which an asset can be bought or sold in the market without affecting its price. Assets with high liquidity include cash, U.S. government bonds, and big-cap publicly traded stocks, while assets with low liquidity are more difficult to trade quickly and at a fair price. Understanding the benefits of high liquidity, such as accessing funds quickly and efficiently, can help you make better financial decisions for yourself and your investment portfolio or trading system.

By Steve Burns

After a lifelong fascination with financial markets, Steve began investing in 1993 and trading his accounts in 1995. It was love at first trade. After more than 30 successful years in the markets, Steve now dedicates his time to helping traders improve their psychology and profitability. New Trader U offers an extensive blog resource with more than 4,000 original articles, online courses, and best-selling books covering various topics.