Myers Briggs Personalities (Fully Explained)

Myers Briggs Personalities (Fully Explained)

The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) is a personality assessment tool that helps individuals understand their personality preferences and how they interact with others. It’s based on Carl Jung, a Swiss psychiatrist who developed the psychological types hypothesis. The test aims to determine a person’s preferred mode of thinking and decision-making, which is then used to categorize them into one of 16 personality types.


  • The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) is a personality assessment tool created by Isabel Myers and Katherine Briggs, inspired by Carl Jung’s psychological types hypothesis.
  • Understanding one’s personality type can help individuals make sense of their behavior and motivations and how they connect with others on a personal level, which may be useful for personal and professional development.
  • The test divides people into 16 personality types based on four dichotomies: Extraversion vs. Introversion; Sensing vs. Intuition; Thinking vs. Feeling; Judging vs. Perceiving.
  • Each type has strengths and potential weaknesses that should be considered when choosing an occupation or industry that best suits the individual.
  • Several additional tests are available, such as Big Five Personality Traits Test, Holland Code, or Enneagram, to gain more insight about oneself. Still, the MBTI remains popular despite lacking scientific validity due to a lack of empirical research backing it up.
  • Knowing your personality type can help you better understand yourself while also aiding in communication, leadership skills improvement in the working environment through conflict resolution taking into account all parties’ perspectives, etc.

A brief history of the test

Isabel Myers and Katherine Briggs created the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, which drew inspiration from Carl Jung’s writings. The test was originally published in 1962 after they started developing it in the 1940s. Katherine Briggs worked as a housewife and mother, while Isabel Myers was a writer and teacher. Although neither of the two women had any training in psychology, they were both intrigued by personality characteristics and how they affected people’s lives.

Understanding personality characteristics is important

Understanding personality types can be helpful in both personal and professional situations for personal and professional development. Understanding one’s personality preferences can help people make sense of their behavior and motivations and how they connect with others personally. In a business environment, understanding personality types can help with leadership, teamwork, and communication. To assist people in choosing occupations that are a good fit for their personality type, it can also be utilized in career counseling. A potent tool for self-awareness and personal development is personality type understanding.

The 16 Myers-Briggs Personality Types

Extraversion vs. Introversion: This dichotomy refers to where individuals focus their attention and get their energy. Extraverts are outgoing, sociable, and energized by being around others, while introverts are more reserved, independent, and recharged by being alone.

Sensing vs. Intuition: This dichotomy refers to how individuals take in and process information. Sensing types are practical, concrete, and focused on the present, while intuitive types are abstract, theoretical, and focused on the future.

Thinking vs. Feeling: This dichotomy refers to how individuals make decisions. Thinking types are logical, analytical, and objective, while feeling types are emotional, empathetic, and subjective.

Judging vs. Perceiving: This dichotomy refers to how individuals approach the outside world. Judging types are organized, decisive, and prefer a structured lifestyle while perceiving types are flexible, spontaneous, and prefer an adaptable lifestyle.

These four dichotomies collectively categorize people into one of the 16 personality types. Each type is represented by a four-letter code, such as ISTJ or ENFP, which corresponds to the individual’s preference in each of the four dichotomies.

The 16 Personality Types

  • ISTJ (Introverted, Sensing, Thinking, Judging): Practical, dependable, and traditional.
  • ISFJ (Introverted, Sensing, Feeling, Judging): Warm, compassionate, and supportive.
  • INFJ (Introverted, Intuitive, Feeling, Judging): Idealistic, visionary, and compassionate.
  • INTJ (Introverted, Intuitive, Thinking, Judging): Strategic, analytical, and independent.
  • ISTP (Introverted, Sensing, Thinking, Perceiving): Analytical, logical, and independent.
  • ISFP (Introverted, Sensing, Feeling, Perceiving): Sensitive, creative, and adaptable.
  • INFP (Introverted, Intuitive, Feeling, Perceiving): Idealistic, empathetic, and adaptable.
  • INTP (Introverted, Intuitive, Thinking, Perceiving): Analytical, logical, and independent.
  • ESTJ (Extraverted, Sensing, Thinking, Judging): Practical, logical, and assertive.
  • ESFJ (Extraverted, Sensing, Feeling, Judging): Warm, caring, and sociable.
  • ENFJ (Extraverted, Intuitive, Feeling, Judging): Charismatic, empathetic, and supportive.
  • ENTJ (Extraverted, Intuitive, Thinking, Judging): Assertive, strategic, and visionary.
  • ESTP (Extraverted, Sensing, Thinking, Perceiving): Action-oriented, logical and adaptable.
  • ESFP (Extraverted, Sensing, Feeling, Perceiving): Sociable, outgoing, and spontaneous.
  • ENFP (Extraverted, Intuitive, Feeling, Perceiving): Enthusiastic, creative, and adaptable.
  • ENTP (Extraverted, Intuitive, Thinking, Perceiving): Strategic, analytical, and adaptable.

Advantages and disadvantages of each type

Every personality type has a unique set of strengths and weaknesses. For instance, ISTJs are known for their dependability, yet they could have a hard time being too set in their ways and unwilling to adapt. Although INFJs are renowned for their sensitivity and compassion, they can struggle with being overly idealistic and pedantic. Every personality type may suit some professions and industries better than others. For instance, ISTJs might be good candidates for jobs in finance or law enforcement, whereas INFJs might be good candidates for jobs in counseling or education.

How the test is given and graded

A self-report questionnaire with a series of statements or questions about a person’s preferences and behavior is commonly used to conduct the MBTI assessment. The exam can be taken in person or online by a certified administrator. Following completion of the exam, the results are scored, and the subject is given one of the 16 personality types based on their responses.

Limitations of the test and its critiques

Over the years, the MBTI has faced some criticism. One of the primary complaints is that the exam lacks scientific validity because empirical research hasn’t consistently backed it up. The test has also drawn criticism for failing to consider personality dynamics and the possibilities of personal development and change. Another complaint is that the test may not be culturally appropriate based on Western cultural norms and values.

Different personality tests and how they stack up against the MBTI

Several additional personality tests may be taken, such as the Big Five Personality Traits test, which gauges a person’s level of extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, neuroticism, and openness. The Big Five Personality Traits exam is thought to be a more scientifically reliable evaluation than the MBTI since it has greater empirical backing. The Holland Code and the Enneagram are further options that concentrate on understanding personality types and how they relate to employment options. These tests might provide a more rich and more nuanced picture of a person’s personality than the MBTI.

Knowing one’s personality type and how to use it to advance one’s development

People can better understand their actions and motivations by understanding their personality type. Additionally, it might help individuals better their relationships by understanding how they relate to others. It can also be a potent instrument for self-improvement and awareness. Knowing your personality type can help you make better employment selections and find careers that complement your skills and areas of weakness.

How to apply personality type knowledge in a working situation for things like communication, leadership, and teamwork:

  • By assigning people to jobs that play to their strengths and complement the personalities of their teammates, you may use your understanding of personality types to build more effective teams.
  • Understanding team members’ strengths and weaknesses and how to interact with them effectively will help you lead your team more effectively.
  • By tailoring your communication style to the personality of the person you’re speaking to, you can use your understanding of personality types to communicate better.
  • Understanding personality types can also aid in conflict resolution by locating the underlying issue and resolving the disagreement in a way that considers all parties’ perspectives and communication preferences.


The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) is a powerful tool for understanding personality and can benefit personal growth and self-awareness. It’s designed to identify an individual’s preferred way of perceiving the world and making decisions, which is then used to assign them to one of 16 personality types. Understanding personality types can benefit both personal and professional settings; it can help improve communication, teamwork, and leadership. It can also be used in career counseling to help individuals identify careers that fit their personalities.

It’s important to remember that the MBTI is just one tool for understanding personality and should not be used as the sole determinant of an individual’s character or potential. It’s also important to consider other factors, such as life experiences, cultural background, and personal values, when trying to understand an individual’s personality.

Myers Briggs Personalities (Fully Explained)